Improving livelihood for the people living in the Community Protected Areas (CPAs)
Under funding support from MOE/UNEP, ACTIS plays the role as the Livelihood Expert Group for the project “Enhancing Climate Resilience of Rural Communities Living in Protected Areas of Cambodia”. The project aims to enhance the climate change resilience of communities living in five CPA intervention sites, as well as downstream communities, to the climate change-induced hazard of erratic rainfall.
Main role of ACTIS in the project is to enhance livelihood of the people in the selected CPAs (1 CPA in Siem Reap, 2 CPAs in Kampong Thom, 1 CPA in Preah Vihear and another 1 CPA in Mondulkiri). The people living in the selected CPAs are subsistence farmers - heavily rely on farming activities and natural resources. Farming land expansion is one of the main issues in these selected CPAs. No community business groups formed for selling the agricultural products, so individual selling (in small amount), lack of market information make the farmers receive cheap price for their products.
ACTIS conducted livelihood assessment to identify and select potential products, set up the community business groups, provided training on community enterprise and developed business plans for the business group members and management committees, provided on-going support and field monitoring, etc. ACTIS’s intervention aims to increase agricultural productivity on the existing arable land as well as to intensify farmers’ income through promoting alternative livelihood options (e.g. collective selling of chicken, vegetables…).
It was observed that the target groups have improved their understanding of collective business, they are interested to join the community business groups. Importantly, the business groups already developed implementation plans. ACTIS is providing more capacity building to the business groups on agricultural production and market linkage. This would help the business groups to realize their plans into practice. By the end of the project, it is expected that the target groups in the selected CPAs would improve adaptive capacity and reslience to climate change and variation.